Scientific Introduction of Grava Tree
MyrtaceaeScientific name of Guava tree Psidiumguajava L. Guava tree is one of the interesting plant comprising attractive greenish bark and serrated leaves, branches with white flowers in the growing season. It produces small round, oval or pear-shaped fruits. Berries taste is different that depends on a variety of guava and these berries have soft flesh.
Nutritional value of guava
In orchards and home botanical gardens, multiple types of guava cultivated and guava is well known as the apple of the tropics. Due to the presence of enormously high-level vitamin C content and nutritional values guava is of great interest in most of the well growing esteemed fruits.
Specifically, for high vitamin C content in guava almost four to five times as abundant vitamin C as in fresh orange juice this feature upgrades guava rank among nutritious juicy fruits. In spite of this in tomato, there is as much about 10times high vitamin C content.
In guava Along with the presence of vit- C also some other nutritious elements present vitamins A & B and properly good quality of phosphorous iron with the calcium content. Guava is a high-quality fruit. In Brazil, French, British Guinea, South Africa, West Africa, and India commercial orchards cover almost a thousand acres.
Guava tree height
In 1965, it is described by Neal that Guava tree height is 6-25 feet or 3-10m and is a well evergreen tree or particular shrub. Guava tree has Strong branches that tolerate high blowing winds.
Guava tree Leaves
Particularly when young Guava leaves present on the lower side are fine juvenile, with serrated margins comprising veins prominent mainly on the lower side of leaves. Length varies from 3 to 7 inches, oppositely arranged having oblong shape.
In the pharmaceutical industry and medicine, the leaves of guava play a vital role. As the extracts of the Guava leaf (Psidiumguajava L.) comprise anti-oxidant compounds that aid in protecting against various diseases includes protection against cardiovascular, anti-hyperglycemic, anti-cancer effects, anti-inflammatory, hepatoprotective, and analgesic. Extracts of two varieties of guava leaves, CalvilloSiglo XXI and Hidrozac variety, demonstrated by a present-day study that these two varieties extract contain phenolic as well as antioxidant compounds.
Guava tree pruning
it is inferred that on pruning of guava tree relays the production of flowers and fruiting and it took a time period of almost 20-28 weeks from the flowering to ripening of fruit. when does the guava trees fruit pruning isn’t the only feature which determines? fruiting of guava tree also dependent on age factor
In Production, Guava trees began to produce fruit when almost the age is of 3-4 years. Guava is also notified that the largest amount of fruit is to produce on enthusiastic or vigorous shoots having age of 2-3 years. This tree most commonly propagated by casual methods of layering and cutting. Guava fruit of almost 23-35kg is produced from well-cultivated trees that pruned and propagate properly.
Growing Guava Trees in Containers
Guava trees growing well in a pot or container are of three different kinds are as follows.
These (Psidiumlucidum) are wider than the tropical guava trees and these strawberry guavas have short trees in height of almost 12 foot but fruit yield is awesome
These guava trees are semi-tropical and along with having the capability of frost tolerating. But needs protection from heavy frost. Guava trees can grow in the ground as well in containers the height of pineapple guava tree is almost 15feet frost tolerant tree. Growing guava trees in containers or pots is beneficial because it is easily able to move this guava to a sheltered area.
In container guava plants growth start in small pots and then regularly we have to pot these guava plants into larger containers for efficient growth.
Fertilizing potted guavas
For potted guava plants gardening soil is not ideal for growth. The happy frog is one of the ideal soil for potting plants in a container for efficient growth. It is rich in nutrients that ensure high quality organic potting soil.
Fertilizer Requirements for Guava tree growth
Guava bearing trees need to be fertilized in a proper ratio of N, P, K, and also of O (300-350g N, 250g P&O ) with FYM of almost 30-40kg every year.
In younger plants, this growth-promoting fertilizer applied along the root zone periphery. While in the case of older plants they spread 120cm from the base without disrupting the roots of the plant. As efficiently increasing yield of cultivation and quality of fruit spray of K2(SO4)2 2.0 % and calcium nitrate up to 2.0% are applied.
|Age of plant||FYM(Kg)per plant||N (gm)||P(gm)||K(gm)|
Guava tree Varieties
There are numerous varieties of guava from Latin America, India, Southeast Asia, Mexico, and the U.S. (Florida, Hawaii, Puerto Rico).
How Guava tree grow faster?
Following are the tips to grow faster guava plant;
- The plant is to be grown in a place where it captures sunlight also. In addition, the guava plant needs full sun to flourish and grow efficiently. However, it is also notified that too much heat is not tolerated by guava plants and in cold winters the young guava plants die
- Guava plants can be grown in containers as well as in the ground. Therefore, In-ground soil guava plants grow more efficiently into a bigger tree due to roots spread extensively
- Effective soil for growing plants must be free draining soil withpH4.5-7. Some river sand and manure added to the soil make soil free-draining in which guava grows faster.
- Guava plants propagated easily by air layering, seed, grafting, and branch cutting. Most efficiently growth takes place in seedlings. if properly propagated and care for.
- Guava plants must be watered regularly in the growing season for faster growth. Similarly, older tree branches enrich with larger fruit also receive water to promote growth.
- Mulching applied to guava trees about 10inches far away from the guava tree trunk to reduce the pests as well as unnecessary weeds.
How long does it take a guava tree to produce fruit?
Guava tree that grows from seed to produce fruit. it may take almost 8 years. The height of the guava tree is up to 8m and this well-cultivated pruned almost 2-3m. In the Next stage of pruning, guava trees blossom with white 2.5m flowers. After that, pruning it takes almost 10 weeks to blossom these white flowers lead to produce fruit.